Blue Skies and Glass

The gargantuan Foster + Partners new office block for Bloomberg has won this year’s RIBA Stirling prize for Architecture. Nestled near St. Pauls in London the sandstone and bronze building is actually two blocks either side of an arcade connected by a glass-filled bridge. Among all the other mixed buildings near St Paul’s it looks fine.

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Bloomberg, by Aaron Hargreaves

Inside it embraces the corporate look and feel with people being shepherded around from the general reception area termed “Vortex”, a dramatic, if troubling (mind your head) double-height space created by three curved timber shells, leading to the “pantry”, a quaint Americanism for a central concourse of café’s, with cracking views over St Paul’s, but which sits around a numb-inducing tedious 210m high bronze ‘ramp’ which winds down and links the office floors below. And just as people are returning to small offices and private spaces, they go for the ubiquitous open-plan floors where you can sit or stand up to work.

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Bloomberg by Nigel Young

But the prize-giving is more a reflection of the pioneering new technologies included in the building. These include the multi-function ceilings fitted with 2.5 million polished aluminium ‘petals’ to regulate acoustics, temperature and light. The curious bronze baffles outside the windows serve as “gills” to draw in natural air, with flaps that open and close automatically, allowing the building to breathe, while softening traffic noise from outside. The passive ventilation system is designed to draw air up through the building and released through a central roof-light. Maintenance-wise the oak floorboards are fixed to magnetic plates so they can be lifted to access the services below. Along with other features this should ensure that the building uses 70% less water and 40% less energy than an equivalent office space. Whether all that works and is effective in future remains to be seen.

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Bloomberg Public Art, Nigel Young

Outside, space has been created for public artworks, although the seemingly swampy stream by Cristina Iglesias may encourage you to get past quick and head indoors. But then I always preferred wide blue skies of the Tate St Ives.

 

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It’s Brand Shiny New up North…

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The V&A Dundee

The striking new building overlooking the river Tay in Dundee is the long-awaited outpost of the V&A museum. Externally the huge edifice looks like it’s just about to set sail over the Tay and away to Sea, with a pronounced prow paying homage to the past industry of Dundee. That past history includes being the home of kids comics through the ages, although most of those are now online, rather than being bought at the newsagents with weekly pocket money!

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Inside the V&A Dundee

Like many infrastructure projects this was over time and well over budget, mid-build the £45m budget doubled. Somewhat confusingly every man and his dog (no, not you Gnasher!) have contributed to the cost except seemingly the V&A. Well that’s big brands for you.

Northern Resurgence with the Northern Spire

Like the Northern Spire, this is a shining symbol of renewal and regeneration. Could it herald a revival for the City much as being the City of Culture last year did for Hull. Or will it be a Hasting Pier job, which slipped into administration late last year (2017). The pier, which was restored with the help of  £11.4m grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund, has now been sold to a local businessman for £50,000, despite a local campaign run by Friends of Hastings Pier to buy the pier for the local community, which raised £477,000.

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Northern Spire, Sunderland

While this initially looks idiotic it is the huge maintenance costs that do the damage. The pier’s administrators, noted that significant cash for working capital and investment purposes, amounting to more than £1m, would be required to make the pier sustainable. So it’s making such things sustainable, and not just parachuting in a glossy new building that is required.

The future was here…

Certain designs are so emblematic that they remain inspiring and futuristic even though reality has overtaken them. So it is with “Futoro”, the “house of the future” designed in the early 1960’s by Matti Suuronen.

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House of the Future

A recent novel, OK, Mr Field, describes the protagonist living in a replica of Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye. Completed in 1931, Villa Savoye is one of the most important houses of the 20th century. A key building in the development of the International Style of Modernism, it is one of the only houses in France to have been declared a national monument during the architect’s lifetime.

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Villa Savoye

Yet, rather than a blueprint for the future, this, like “Futoro”, was just a high concept version for a second home, a weekend bolthole rather than an everyday home. For Le Corbusier a house might have been “a machine for living in”, a phrase famously coined in his seminal work, but the machine wasn’t up to much. This, like many idealistic concepts, finds the reality not as grand as the concept, with both properties being almost uninhabitable.

While these iconic buildings remain grander than the reality, they were from the modernists, rather than the futurists, so maybe we can’t let them take too much blame for not fulfilling our vision of the future.

Curate Away

Curating is one of those terms that you can easily take an instant dislike to. One of those contemporary terms used to describe the “bleedin’ obvious”.

But in this case someone has done a good job for this year’s crop of RIBA best buildings. The 2018 shortlist includes a fascinating collection of architecture. They range from the what seems environmentally-friendly restoration with the likes of Walthamstow Wetlands, a sympathetic restoration and revitalisation of a run-down area, with an emphasis of the inclusiveness of nature and buildings. The Albert Works restored a derelict area of Sheffield with a clean new building in homage to what was there before.

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Gasworks London

While Albert Works tends to the hipster-style, albeit in that hard-as-nails Sheffield way, the Department Store is all-out Seattle lifestyle, wake up and smell the coffee place. Contrast that with the clean simplicity and clarity of line of St Augustines Church.

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Gasworks – Room with a View

Then there’s the challenges of building a building within a building, the intrepid and fascinating Gasholders London. While I like to see re-purposing, is this great architecture or just plain crazy?

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Gasworks – Looking Up

From all of those on the shortlist, my preference is the brilliant Tate St Ives. An engineering riddle as much as brilliant design it has transformed the Tate experience. And besides it wins hands-down as it has stunning sea views from the public roof top terrace.

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Tate St Ives.

Renew or Replace?

The recent devastating fire has all but destroyed the Mackintosh School of Art building in Glasgow. Ironically, as it was being renovated following a fire in 2014. The Macintosh was a recognised and acclaimed building, so the original re-build was widely-supported to reclaim this heritage and phoenix-like build Macintosh’s design as he intended.

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The Macintosh School of Art

But this recent huge fire which engulfed this and nearby buildings have hardly even left a shell to re-build. Opinions have suggested we should develop a new building in a contemporary style rather than try to re-create, or as it has been expressed “create a replica” or pastiche of Macintosh’s great work. So is the irreplaceable just that – Irreplaceable?

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Macintosh School of Art Library

The iconic York Minster underwent renovation for many years, and this truly magnificent building has been restored, along with the beautiful Great East Window and the Rose window, not just restored, but a modern re-creation of the truly historic, and a renewed building which has also been brought to live. They created new opportunities for craftsmen to re-create centuries-old skills and knowledge. So if we have the craftsmen, or can create them, we can rebuild Macintosh’s seminal work and leave it for future generations to marvel at and enjoy.

3D or not 3D…

Bridge

The clever Dutch, not content with taming the waters of the North Sea, are now building a 3D printed pedestrian bridge, to be installed in Amsterdam. I do have a bit of a conceptual problem with 3D printing – I can only imagine a big manufacturing box with 3D printers working like crazy. But no, apparently it’s not like that.

The design studio leading the work says its six-axis robot printers are capable of printing objects of almost any size. Rather than being restricted by need to print within a machine, the MX3D bots move around the work being printed. So yes you can build a bridge (or anything really) with 3D printing. It’s due to be completed and installed later this year, or early 2019, so look out for that.

If you are in Holland…

at the moment, you can go to the far north and cross the Afsluitdijk, a 20 mile long causeway that separates the North Sea from fresh water Holland.

Afsluitdijk

As well as being a great bit of geography, it’s now been enhanced by the Gates of Light artworks, which shield the entrance at both ends.

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It’s a good cycle ride as well, of course on a separate cycleway, and there’s a mid-point café if needed. The cycle path is further up the dyke that the road, so you do get good views.

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I started on the eastern side by cycling through Friesland which is delightful, full of tiny villages with great cafes. So I just turned around in Den Oever (on the west) and returned the same way.

Coda: I recognised the original “To be or not to be, that is the question” quote as being from Hamlet but couldn’t really remember the rest of the text, so a few google and Wikipedia pages later I am more informed. But I also learnt that what I was doing with the title was a “Snowclone”. So now you know.

Art on a Wall

Sometimes you see something and you think, that’s clever. Well the Scribit Robot is just that. Designed by a team including Carlo Ratti, an Italian architect and somewhat renaissance figure, this device allows users to personalise their walls with digital artwork. And then replace that artwork whenever they like. More prosaically it can do menu boards and anything else that requires printing.

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The Scribit Robot

This clever concept is going to be crowdfunded later this year, so either it will be a great success or it will slowly slide away into oblivion and we will be none the wiser. So is it a genius idea with brilliant potential or just an expensive design concept that should have been kept in-house, what’s your view?

As big as a Bus….or Bigger!

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The GE9X Engine (the larger one!)

This new video of a massive aircraft engine, the new GE9X, had me enthralled. As well as being neatly produced, it reveals that a wealth of parts are being produced by 3D printing.

I’m just fascinated by large structural things, be they buildings, bridges or boats. They don’t even have to start with a “B” either!

Most aircraft have 4 engines, or a quartet  but maybe this engine is so powerful it only needs two engines per aircraft. Or maybe that’s a new style, three normal sized engines and one massive one. An engineering marvel.

Urban Scribbles

I stumbled over this story about “Urban Sketchers”. It took me a moment to recognise that these pen and ink style drawings where not all of the same place, as there is something rather “same-y” about all of them. And I’m not sure what those splodges of colour are all about.

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Urban Sketcher

 

I was initially intrigued by the concept of them sketching “urban clutter”. I somewhat expected a focus on the urban mess; graffiti, recycling, waste, the “night-time economy”, the building’s structural elements. But their definition of this seems to stretch to the elements (buses, trams, shops, houses, buildings) that actually define an urban environment – The infrastructure.

It seems there is a small gathering of these “USK’s” around the globe. With the social media we have available today it has seemingly translated what would once have been isolated local groups into a global forum and a movement.

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Urban Sketcher

 

Perhaps there is an equivalent “Rural Sketchers” movement? Or maybe they just call themselves artists.

Port of Antwerp

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Port of Antwerp

The Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington DC, has been announced as The Design Museum’s  design of the year 2017, from a huge selection of that year’s best designs.

There are six broad categories to accommodate such a wide inclusion. Which range from the almost ludicrous, such as the Premier League on-air branding, to the now outdated Pokémon GO. There are the contemporaneous cultural curios like the “Pussyhat Project” and “Professional Women Emoji”. Then there are the potentially practical and useful such as the “Avy Search and Rescue Drone” and “The Pilot translating earpiece”.  The latter sounds inspired from the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, and I thought the Babel Fish had been around since the 1970’s?

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Avy  Search and Rescue Drone

While I do appreciate there are more humanistic and beneficial designs, such as the Warka Water concept,  I do like a dash of big bold architecture. But rather than the actual winner, for me it’s the Port of Antwerp.

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I love the striking soaring skyline, and somehow the bold structure fits the skyline, or should that be the waterline. It would be fascinating to take the tour and discover what the inside is like, a great posthumous homage to the imaginative designer Zaha Hadid.